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Chronic hypokalaemia--how to establish a diagnosis?

Authors
  • Kedzierska, K
  • Ciechanowski, K
  • Gołembiewska, E
  • Domański, L
  • Kabat-Koperska, J
  • Pietrzak-Nowacka, M
  • Stepień-Korzonek, M
  • Bober, J
Type
Published Article
Journal
Acta medica Austriaca
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2003
Volume
30
Issue
5
Pages
117–120
Identifiers
PMID: 15055156
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We present three cases of patients with symptomatic, chronic, diagnosis-resistant hypokalaemia. Differential diagnosis of renal potassium loss between Gitelman's syndrome, Bartter's syndrome and loop diuretic abuse was made. Key elements in differential diagnosis of chronic hypokalaemia are blood pressure assessment, acid base equilibrium, serum calcium concentration, 24-hour urine potassium and calcium excretion.

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