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Chronic diseases in captive geriatric female Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes).

Authors
  • Nunamaker, Elizabeth A
  • Lee, D Rick
  • Lammey, Michael L
Type
Published Article
Journal
Comparative medicine
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2012
Volume
62
Issue
2
Pages
131–136
Identifiers
PMID: 22546920
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The current aging population of captive chimpanzees is expected to develop age-related diseases and present new challenges to providing their veterinary care. Spontaneous heart disease and sudden cardiac death are the main causes of death in chimpanzees (especially of male animals), but little is known about the relative frequency of other chronic diseases. Furthermore, female chimpanzees appear to outlive the males and scant literature addresses clinical conditions that affect female chimpanzees. Here we characterize the types and prevalence of chronic disease seen in geriatric (older than 35 y) female chimpanzees in the colony at Alamogordo Primate Facility. Of the 16 female chimpanzees that fit the age category, 87.5% had some form of chronic age-related disease. Cardiovascular-related disease was the most common (81.25%) followed by metabolic syndrome (43.75%) and renal disease (31.25%). These data show the incidence of disease in geriatric female chimpanzees and predict likely medical management challenges associated with maintaining an aging chimpanzee population.

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