The immunoreaction of a rabbit chromogranin A and B antiserum was studied in normal human pancreatic islets. By examination of consecutive light microscopical sections, it was revealed that, at high antiserum concentrations (1:2000 or less), the whole islet area was heavily labelled, although the peripheral glucagon (A)-cells were the most intense in their immunoreaction. At low antiserum concentrations (1:4000 or more) the A-cells still showed the same intense labelling reaction, but the central B-cells were weakly labelled. Electron microscopically, reactivity towards the chromogranin A and B antiserum and the monoclonal insulin antibodies was present in the same central electron-dense core of the B-cell secretory granules, as demonstrated after application of the immunogold technique at different antibody dilutions. In the A-cells, the chromogranin immunoreactivity was concentrated at the peripheral mantle of the secretory granules. The D-cell granules showed a weak immunolabelling. Examination of human islets with the monoclonal chromogranin A antibody LK2H10 revealed immunogold labelling only in the peripheral mantle of the A-cell granules, while the B-cell granules were unlabelled. The present results show that a chromogranin peptide is co-stored with insulin the in normal human B-cell secretory granules. Although the exact composition of this B-cell chromogranin is unknown, it is not identical to that of the chromogranin A present in the A-cell granules.