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Cholesterol selectively activates canonical Wnt signalling over non-canonical Wnt signalling

Authors
  • sheng, ren
  • kim, hyunjoon
  • lee, hyeyoon
  • xin, yao
  • chen, yong
  • tian, wen
  • cui, yang
  • choi, jong-cheol
  • Doh, J
  • Han, JK
  • cho, wonhwa
Publication Date
Jul 30, 2014
Source
[email protected]
Keywords
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Unknown
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Abstract

Wnt proteins control diverse biological processes through beta-catenin-dependent canonical signalling and beta-catenin-independent non-canonical signalling. The mechanisms by which these signalling pathways are differentially triggered and controlled are not fully understood. Dishevelled (Dvl) is a scaffold protein that serves as the branch point of these pathways. Here, we show that cholesterol selectively activates canonical Wnt signalling over non-canonical signalling under physiological conditions by specifically facilitating the membrane recruitment of the PDZ domain of Dvl and its interaction with other proteins. Single-molecule imaging analysis shows that cholesterol is enriched around the Wnt-activated Frizzled and low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5/6 receptors and plays an essential role for Dvl-mediated formation and maintenance of the canonical Wnt signalling complex. Collectively, our results suggest a new regulatory role of cholesterol in Wnt signalling and a potential link between cellular cholesterol levels and the balance between canonical and non-canonical Wnt signalling activities. / X / 1 / 19 / 15

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