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China's Rise as an Advanced Technological Society and the Rise of Digital Orientalism.

Authors
  • Mahoney, Josef Gregory1, 2
  • 1 East China Normal University, Shanghai, China. , (China)
  • 2 Institute for the Development of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics, Southeast University, Nanjing, China. , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Chinese political science
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2023
Volume
28
Issue
1
Pages
1–24
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11366-022-09817-z
PMID: 35729996
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

As China has risen as an advanced technological society, a new type of Orientalism-Digital Orientalism-has likewise emerged. Using historical materialism, this paper details these developments, including China's change from a civilization-state to modern nation-state and its transition from a technical state to an advanced technological society, closing the technology gap that had left it vulnerable to foreign aggression and continued forms of international dominance and hegemony. It reviews and develops theories associated with technological societies, and how these relate to technophobia generally and the rise of Sino(techno)phobia specifically. It then theorizes three distinct but overlapping trends or themes in Orientalist depictions of China over the past two centuries: 1) 'classical' Orientalism, first theorized by Edward Said; 2) 'Sinological Orientalism,' described by Daniel Vukovich; and now 3), 'Digital Orientalism,' which was first introduced by Maximilian Mayer. This paper develops analyses associated primarily with the third theme, investigating contemporary developments in the context of China as a rising power and how scholars and other nations have responded in turn. It argues that China appears to have surpassed others now as a technological society, including the US, with China's response to COVID-19 as a clear example, and with clear implications for China's national advancement and global position vis-à-vis the United States particularly. © Journal of Chinese Political Science/Association of Chinese Political Studies 2022.

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