This paper reports an attempt by the People's Republic of China to subdue its one-child policy. Widespread poverty threatened China in the mid-1970s as a result of the cultural evolution during the Mao Zedong rule, wherein the population was encouraged to produce many children. In this context the government adopted the one-child policy, which encourages late marriage among couples and allows only one child. On the other hand, there have been reports of mass sterilizations and forced abortions among rural women. Since the start of his term, President Jiang Zemin has led the country to consider amending the one-child policy and opening its doors to western journalists. Health care facilities, previously used to accommodate forced abortion and sterilization procedures, now offer maternal/child care, mammography screening, Pap smear and fertility treatments, as well as friendly lectures on one-child policy for couples during their visit. Family planning in China now involves a choice between IUD and female sterilization, with an implemented fine for those who prefer having more than one child. Despite these efforts, population experts predict a continuous rise in the Chinese population by the mid-21st century, before the population rate starts to level off and eventually decline.