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Is children's health-related quality of life associated with physical fitness and mode of commuting? PREVIENE Project.

Authors
  • Saucedo-Araujo, R G1
  • Huertas-Delgado, F J2
  • Villa-González, E3
  • Ávila-García, M4
  • Gálvez-Fernández, P1
  • Tercedor, P4
  • 1 PROFITH 'PROmoting FITness and Health through Physical Activity' Research Group, Sport and Health University Research Institute (iMUDS), Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, 18011 Granada, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 2 PA-HELP Physical Activity for Health Promotion Research Group, Department of Musical, Plastic and Body Expression Didactics, La Inmaculada, Teacher Training Centre, University of Granada, Granada, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 3 PROFITH PROmoting FITness and Health through Physical Activity Research Group, Sport and Health University Research Institute (iMUDS), Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Education and Sport Sciences, University of Granada, 52005 Melilla, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 4 PA-HELP Physical Activity for Health Promotion Research Group, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain. , (Spain)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Perspectives in public health
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2021
Volume
141
Issue
2
Pages
102–110
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1757913921992405
PMID: 33733950
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The aims of this study were (1) to examine the associations between self-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL), health-related physical fitness (cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, and speed-agility), and mode of commuting to and from school in Spanish children, and separately by gender and (2) to analyse the difference in cardiorespiratory fitness by mode of commuting to and from school by gender. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis that included 415 children aged 8.47 ± 0.36 years from 14 schools in Granada, Spain. The HRQoL outcome was assessed using the valid and reliable KINDL-R questionnaire, which covers six life dimensions, children's physical fitness was assessed using the ALPHA fitness test battery, and while commuting to and from school was assessed using the valid, reliable, and feasible 'Mode and Frequency of Commuting To and From School Questionnaire'. Cardiorespiratory fitness was positively correlated with all dimensions of HRQoL in boys, whereas higher muscular strength (standing long jump) was positively correlated with the emotional wellbeing dimension in girls. In addition, boys who actively commute to school (walking) presented better cardiorespiratory fitness. Moreover, children who actively commuted to school (walking) presented better scores for the emotional wellbeing, family, and school dimensions, as well as total scores (both, p < .05) of HRQoL. In our study, HRQoL was positively correlated with cardiorespiratory fitness in boys (all dimensions), whereas muscular strength (standing long jump) was positively correlated with the emotional wellbeing dimension only in girls. Active commuting to and from school was associated with higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness, school dimension, and KINDL-R total score. Improving cardiorespiratory fitness might be especially useful to improve HRQoL in children, and vice versa.

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