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Childhood Maltreatment and Revictimization: A Systematic Literature Review.

Authors
  • Fereidooni, Fatemeh1
  • Daniels, Judith K1
  • Lommen, Miriam J J1
  • 1 Department of Clinical Psychology and Experimental Psychopathology, University of Groningen, The Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Trauma Violence & Abuse
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2024
Volume
25
Issue
1
Pages
291–305
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/15248380221150475
PMID: 36737881
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

There is established evidence that childhood/adolescent victimization is associated with victimization in adulthood although the underlying mechanisms are not still clear. The current study aimed to systematically review empirical studies examining potential psychological factors linking childhood maltreatment to victimization in adulthood and the gaps in the literature. Following PRISMA protocol, 71 original studies consisting of a total sample of n = 31,633 subjects were analyzed. Symptom severity for various trauma-related disorders, dissociation, emotion dysregulation, and risky sexual behaviors emerged as potential predictors of revictimization. While these potential risk factors mediate the relationship between childhood maltreatment and adulthood victimization, evidence for additional factors such as social support, attachment styles, maladaptive schemas, and risk detection is very limited. Addressing these intrapersonal risk factors, found by prior studies, in interventions and preventive programs might decrease the probability of revictimization. The interactions between the identified risk factors have not been studied well yet. Hence, more research on mediating risk factors of revictimization is needed.

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