Previous studies have found associations between traffic-related air pollution and asthma exacerbation in children. However, these studies were mainly conducted in emergency department or hospital admission settings; little is known regarding less acute health effects. This analysis of the association between vehicular traffic measures and childhood asthma in a primary care setting suggests that motor vehicle traffic is a contributor to less acute asthma episodes in children. The present analysis of traffic-related air pollutants and childhood asthma were less conclusive, likely due to methods limitations outlined in the paper. The implication is that further evidence of adverse respiratory health effects in children due to motor vehicle traffic can be found in a primary care setting and similar studies should be considered.