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Childhood adversity, adult stress, and the risk of major depression or generalized anxiety disorder in US soldiers: a test of the stress sensitization hypothesis.

Authors
  • Bandoli, G1
  • Campbell-Sills, L2
  • Kessler, R C3
  • Heeringa, S G4
  • Nock, M K5
  • Rosellini, A J3
  • Sampson, N A3
  • Schoenbaum, M6
  • Ursano, R J7
  • Stein, M B2
  • 1 Department of Pediatrics,University of California San Diego,La Jolla, CA,USA.
  • 2 Department of Psychiatry,University of California San Diego,La Jolla, CA,USA.
  • 3 Department of Health Care Policy,Harvard Medical School,Boston, MA,USA.
  • 4 University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research,Ann Arbor, MI,USA.
  • 5 Department of Psychology,Harvard College,Cambridge, MA,USA.
  • 6 National Institute of Mental Health,Bethesda, MD,USA.
  • 7 Department of Psychiatry,Center for the Study of Traumatic Stress, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences,Bethesda, MD,USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Psychological Medicine
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2017
Volume
47
Issue
13
Pages
2379–2392
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1017/S0033291717001064
PMID: 28443533
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

New soldiers are at an increased risk of 30-day MDE or GAD following recent stressful experiences if they were exposed to childhood maltreatment. Particularly in the military with an abundance of unique stressors, attempts to identify this population and improve stress management may be useful in the effort to reduce the risk of mental disorders.

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