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Childhood adversities and post-traumatic stress disorder: evidence for stress sensitisation in the World Mental Health Surveys.

Authors
  • McLaughlin, Katie A1
  • Koenen, Karestan C2
  • Bromet, Evelyn J2
  • Karam, Elie G2
  • Liu, Howard2
  • Petukhova, Maria2
  • Ruscio, Ayelet Meron2
  • Sampson, Nancy A2
  • Stein, Dan J2
  • Aguilar-Gaxiola, Sergio2
  • Alonso, Jordi2
  • Borges, Guilherme2
  • Demyttenaere, Koen2
  • Dinolova, Rumyana V2
  • Ferry, Finola2
  • Florescu, Silvia2
  • de Girolamo, Giovanni2
  • Gureje, Oye2
  • Kawakami, Norito2
  • Lee, Sing2
  • And 7 more
  • 1 Katie A. McLaughlin, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA; Karestan C. Koenen, PhD, Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Evelyn J. Bromet, PhD, Department of Psychiatry, Stony Brook University School of Medicine, Stony Brook, New York, USA; Elie G. Karam, MD, Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Balamand University, Beirut, Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, St George Hospital University Medical Center, Beirut and Institute for Development Research Advocacy and Applied Care (IDRAAC), Beirut, Lebanon; Howard Liu, SM, Maria Petukhova, PhD, Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Ayelet Meron Ruscio, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; Nancy A. Sampson, BA, Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Dan J. Stein, FRCPC, PhD, Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, Republic of South Africa; Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, MD, PhD, Center for Reducing Health Disparities, UC Davis Health System, Sacramento, California, USA; Jordi Alonso, MD, DrPH, IMIM-Hospital del Mar Research Institute, Pare de Salut Mar, Barcelona, Pompeu Fabra University (UPF), Barcelona and CIBER en Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Barcelona, Spain; Guilherme Borges, DrSc, Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría, San Lorenzo Huipulco, Mexico; Koen Demytteraere, MD, PhD, Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; Rumyana V. Dinolova, MD, National Center of Public Health and Analyses, Sofia, Bulgaria; Finola Ferry, PhD, Bamford Centre for Mental Health and wellbeing, ulster University, Coleraine, UK; Silvia Florescu, MD, PhD, National School of Public Health, Management and Development, Bucharest, Romania; Giovanni de Girolamo, MD, Unit of Epidemiological and Evaluation Psychiatry, IRCCS-St. John of God Clinical Research Centre, Brescia, Italy; Oye Gureje, MD, PhD, FRCPsych, Department of Psychiatry, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria; Norito Kawakami, MD, DMSc, Department of Mental Health, School of Public Health, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; Sing Lee, MB, BS, Department of Psychiatry, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Tai Po, Hong Kong; Fernando Navarro-Mateu, MD, PhD, UDIF-SM, Subdirección General de Planificación, Innovación y Cronicidad, Servicio Murciano de Salud, Murcia, IMIB-Arrixaca, Murcia and CIBERESP-Murcia, Murcia, Spain; Marina Piazza, ScD, MPH, Universidad Cayetano Heredia; National Institute of Health, Lima, Peru; Beth-Ellen Pennell, MA, Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA; José Posada-Villa, MD, Faculty of Social Sciences Colegio Mayor de Cundinamarca University, Bogota, Colombia; Margreet ten Have, PhD, Trimbos-Instituut, Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Maria Carmen viana, MD, PhD, Department of Social Medicine, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitoria, Brazil; Ronald C. Kessler, PhD, Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA [email protected] , (Belgium)
  • 2 Katie A. McLaughlin, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA; Karestan C. Koenen, PhD, Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Evelyn J. Bromet, PhD, Department of Psychiatry, Stony Brook University School of Medicine, Stony Brook, New York, USA; Elie G. Karam, MD, Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Balamand University, Beirut, Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, St George Hospital University Medical Center, Beirut and Institute for Development Research Advocacy and Applied Care (IDRAAC), Beirut, Lebanon; Howard Liu, SM, Maria Petukhova, PhD, Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Ayelet Meron Ruscio, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; Nancy A. Sampson, BA, Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Dan J. Stein, FRCPC, PhD, Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, Republic of South Africa; Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, MD, PhD, Center for Reducing Health Disparities, UC Davis Health System, Sacramento, California, USA; Jordi Alonso, MD, DrPH, IMIM-Hospital del Mar Research Institute, Pare de Salut Mar, Barcelona, Pompeu Fabra University (UPF), Barcelona and CIBER en Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Barcelona, Spain; Guilherme Borges, DrSc, Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría, San Lorenzo Huipulco, Mexico; Koen Demytteraere, MD, PhD, Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; Rumyana V. Dinolova, MD, National Center of Public Health and Analyses, Sofia, Bulgaria; Finola Ferry, PhD, Bamford Centre for Mental Health and wellbeing, ulster University, Coleraine, UK; Silvia Florescu, MD, PhD, National School of Public Health, Management and Development, Bucharest, Romania; Giovanni de Girolamo, MD, Unit of Epidemiological and Evaluation Psychiatry, IRCCS-St. John of God Clinical Research Centre, Brescia, Italy; Oye Gureje, MD, PhD, FRCPsych, Department of Psychiatry, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria; Norito Kawakami, MD, DMSc, Department of Mental Health, School of Public Health, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; Sing Lee, MB, BS, Department of Psychiatry, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Tai Po, Hong Kong; Fernando Navarro-Mateu, MD, PhD, UDIF-SM, Subdirección General de Planificación, Innovación y Cronicidad, Servicio Murciano de Salud, Murcia, IMIB-Arrixaca, Murcia and CIBERESP-Murcia, Murcia, Spain; Marina Piazza, ScD, MPH, Universidad Cayetano Heredia; National Institute of Health, Lima, Peru; Beth-Ellen Pennell, MA, Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA; José Posada-Villa, MD, Faculty of Social Sciences Colegio Mayor de Cundinamarca University, Bogota, Colombia; Margreet ten Have, PhD, Trimbos-Instituut, Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Maria Carmen viana, MD, PhD, Department of Social Medicine, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitoria, Brazil; Ronald C. Kessler, PhD, Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. , (Belgium)
Type
Published Article
Journal
The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2017
Volume
211
Issue
5
Pages
280–288
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1192/bjp.bp.116.197640
PMID: 28935660
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

BackgroundAlthough childhood adversities are known to predict increased risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after traumatic experiences, it is unclear whether this association varies by childhood adversity or traumatic experience types or by age.AimsTo examine variation in associations of childhood adversities with PTSD according to childhood adversity types, traumatic experience types and life-course stage.MethodEpidemiological data were analysed from the World Mental Health Surveys (n = 27 017).ResultsFour childhood adversities (physical and sexual abuse, neglect, parent psychopathology) were associated with similarly increased odds of PTSD following traumatic experiences (odds ratio (OR) = 1.8), whereas the other eight childhood adversities assessed did not predict PTSD. Childhood adversity-PTSD associations did not vary across traumatic experience types, but were stronger in childhood-adolescence and early-middle adulthood than later adulthood.ConclusionsChildhood adversities are differentially associated with PTSD, with the strongest associations in childhood-adolescence and early-middle adulthood. Consistency of associations across traumatic experience types suggests that childhood adversities are associated with generalised vulnerability to PTSD following traumatic experiences.

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