'Chemical technology for appropriate development' is basicly a critical review of the literature. It gives a conceptual analysis of so called appropriate technology and the choice of production systems for less-development countries. The role of about 40 organizations active in this emerging field are evaluated and the role of universities in this process of change is analyzed in some detail. Problems of transfer, adaptation, and (indigeneous) generation are discussed with special reference to chemical production systems and a review is given of a large number of physical and chemical processes relevant to the context of appropriate development. The bibliography contains about 500 references.