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The chemical structure of neutral and acidic sugar chains obtained from bovine colostrum kappa-casein.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
0006-3002
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
678
Issue
2
Pages
257–267
Identifiers
PMID: 7317452
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

One neutral oligosaccharide alditol (tetrasacchariditol, 10%) and three acidic oligosaccharide alditols (a tri (28%), tetra (17%) and a pentasacchariditol (44%) were isolated from, colostrum kappa-casein taken 6 h after parturition. The neutral tetrasacchariditol and the acidic pentasacchariditol only contained a characteristic N-acetylglucosamine, and the latter was the main carbohydrate portion. The chemical structures were analyzed by methylation analysis with gas-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and by anomer analysis with 13C nuclear magnetic resonance, and were identified to be galactosyl-beta-1-3-[galactosyl-beta-1-4-N-acetylglucosaminyl-beta-1-6-]-N-acetylgalactosaminitol, N-acetylneuraminyl-alpha-2-3-galactosyl-beta-1-3-[galactosyl-beta-1-4-N-acetylglucosaminyl-beta-1-6-]-N-acetylgalactosaminitol, N-acetylneuraminyl-alpha-2-6-N-acetylgalactosaminitol. The former two were the novel carbohydrate chains of colostrum kappa-casein, but the latter two were identical with those which have been found in normal kappa-casein.

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