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Chemical composition and biological activities of the essential oil from Calamintha nepeta plants from the wild in southern Italy.

Authors
  • Mancini, Emilia
  • De Martino, Laura
  • Malova, Hanna
  • De Feo, Vincenzo
Type
Published Article
Journal
Natural product communications
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2013
Volume
8
Issue
1
Pages
139–142
Identifiers
PMID: 23472480
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The chemical composition of the essential oil from aerial parts of Calamintha nepeta (L.) Savi, collected in the Campania Region, was obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC and GC-MS. In all, 42 compounds were identified. The oil was characterized by a prevalence of the sesquiterpenic fraction (80.8%). The main components were 1,10-di-epi-cubenol (18.5%), allo-aromadendrene epoxide (11.4%) and cadalene (5.7%). The essential oil was evaluated for its in vitro potential phytotoxic activity against germination and initial radical growth of Raphanus sativus L., Lepidium sativum L., Sinapis arvensis L., Triticum durum L. and Phalaris canariensis L. seeds. The essential oil showed no antioxidant activity.

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