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Chemical characterization of PM10 in two small towns located in South Poland

Authors
  • Turek-Fijak, Anna1
  • Brania, Joanna1
  • Styszko, Katarzyna1
  • Zięba, Damian1
  • Stęgowski, Zdzisław1
  • Samek, Lucyna1
  • 1 AGH University of Science and Technology, Mickiewicza 30 Ave. , (Poland)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Nukleonika
Publisher
De Gruyter Open Sp. z o.o.
Publication Date
Mar 06, 2021
Volume
66
Issue
1
Pages
29–34
Identifiers
DOI: 10.2478/nuka-2021-0004
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Original Paper
License
Green

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyse the elements and PM10 concentrations in air samples gathered in the winter of 2017/2018 in two small towns, namely Skala and Wadowice. The chemical elements were identified for each sample using the energy dispersive X-ray method. The spectrometer was equipped, among others, with an Mo-X-ray tube which was the source of the photons and the Si(Li) detector. The following chemical elements: Cl, K, Fe, Ca, Zn, Pb, Br, Ti, Cu, Mn, V, Co, Rb, Ni, Sr, and Cr were identified in the samples. In addition, As and Se were identified in Wadowice. First, the results were compared with each other and then with the results for the nearest city. It was observed that the PM10 concentrations were significantly higher than the UE limit value for PM10, which equals 50 μg·m−3 per 24 h. Moreover, the high concentrations of, among others, K, Pb, Cl or Zn, are likely to be linked with fossil fuels combustion and biomass burning. The levels of element concentrations in Wadowice and Skala resemble the levels observed several years earlier in Krakow.

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