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Charmonium Suppression and Regeneration from SPS to RHIC

  • Grandchamp, L.
  • Rapp, R.
Published Article
Publication Date
May 27, 2002
Submission Date
May 27, 2002
DOI: 10.1016/S0375-9474(02)01027-8
arXiv ID: hep-ph/0205305
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The production of charmonia is investigated for heavy-ion collisions from SPS to RHIC energies. Our approach incorporates two sources of $J/\Psi$ yield: (i) a direct contribution arising from early (hard) parton-parton collisions, subject to subsequent nuclear absorption, quark-gluon plasma and hadronic dissociation, and (ii) statistical production at the hadronization transition by coalescence of $c$ and $\bar{c}$ quarks. Within an expanding thermal fireball framework, the model reproduces $J/\Psi$ centrality dependencies observed at the SPS in Pb-Pb and S-U collisions reasonably well. The study of the $\Psi'/\Psi$ ratio at SPS points at the importance of the hadronic phase for $\Psi'$ interactions, possibly related to effects of chiral symmetry restoration. Predictions are given for the centrality dependence of the $N_{J/\Psi}/N_{c\bar{c}}$ ratio at full RHIC energy. We also calculate the excitation function of this ratio. The latter exhibits a characteristic minimum structure signalling the transition from the standard $J/\Psi$ suppression scenario prevailing at SPS to dominantly thermal regeneration at collider energies.


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