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Charge identification of fragments produced in 16O beam interactions at 200 MeV/n and 400 MeV/n on C and C2H4 targets

Authors
  • Galati, G.1
  • Boccia, V.2, 3
  • Alexandrov, A.3
  • Alpat, B.4
  • Ambrosi, G.4
  • Argirò, S.5, 6
  • Barbanera, M.4
  • Bartosik, N.6
  • Battistoni, G.7
  • Bisogni, M. G.8, 9
  • Bruni, G.10
  • Cavanna, F.6
  • Cerello, P.6
  • Ciarrocchi, E.8, 9
  • Colombi, S.10, 11
  • De Gregorio, A.12, 13
  • De Lellis, G.2, 3
  • Di Crescenzo, A.2, 3
  • Di Ruzza, B.14
  • Donetti, M.6, 15
  • And 68 more
  • 1 University of Bari, Bari , (Italy)
  • 2 University of Napoli, Napoli , (Italy)
  • 3 Section of Napoli, Napoli , (Italy)
  • 4 Section of Perugia, Perugia , (Italy)
  • 5 University of Torino, Torino , (Italy)
  • 6 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare Section of Torino, Torino , (Italy)
  • 7 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare Section of Milano, Milano , (Italy)
  • 8 University of Pisa, Pisa , (Italy)
  • 9 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare Section of Pisa, Pisa , (Italy)
  • 10 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare Section of Bologna, Bologna , (Italy)
  • 11 University of Bologna, Bologna , (Italy)
  • 12 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare Section of Roma 1, Rome , (Italy)
  • 13 Department of Physics, University of Rome Sapienza, Rome , (Italy)
  • 14 Department of Agriculture, Food, Natural resouces and Engineering, University of Foggia, Foggia , (Italy)
  • 15 IPHC UMR, Strasbourg , (France)
  • 16 Department of Physics, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt , (Germany)
  • 17 GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt , (Germany)
  • 18 Department of Scienze di Base e Applicate per l’Ingegneria (SBAI), Rome , (Italy)
  • 19 Department of Physics and Geology, Perugia , (Italy)
  • 20 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (TIFPA-INFN), Trento , (Italy)
  • 21 Radiation Oncology, University of Miami, Miami, FL , (United States)
  • 22 Centro de Aplicaciones Tecnológicas y Desarrollo Nuclear, Havana , (Cuba)
  • 23 Museo Storico della Fisica e Centro Studi e Ricerche Enrico Fermi, Rome , (Italy)
  • 24 Centro Nazionale di Adroterapia Oncologica (CNAO), Pavia , (Italy)
  • 25 Department of Physics, Rome , (Italy)
  • 26 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare Section of Roma Tor Vergata, Rome , (Italy)
  • 27 Department of Engineering, Perugia , (Italy)
  • 28 University of Piemonte Orientale, Department for Sustainable Development and Ecological Transition, Vercelli , (Italy)
  • 29 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Frascati , (Italy)
  • 30 Department of Physics, Nagoya , (Japan)
  • 31 ALTEC, Aerospace Logistic Technology Engineering Company, Corso Marche , (Italy)
  • 32 University of Piemonte Orientale, Alessandria , (Italy)
  • 33 Department of Physics, Trento , (Italy)
  • 34 Department of Chemistry, Napoli , (Italy)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Frontiers in Physics
Publisher
Frontiers Media S.A.
Publication Date
Jan 29, 2024
Volume
11
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3389/fphy.2023.1327202
Source
Frontiers
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Physics
  • Original Research
License
Green

Abstract

Introduction: Charged Particle Therapy plays a key role in the treatment of deep-seated tumours, because of the advantageous energy deposition culminating in the Bragg peak. However, knowledge of the dose delivered in the entrance channel is limited by the lack of data on the beam and fragmentation of the target. Methods: The FOOT experiment has been designed to measure the cross sections of the nuclear fragmentation of projectile and target with two different detectors: an electronic setup for the identification of Z ≥ 3 fragments and a nuclear emulsion spectrometer for Z ≤ 3 fragments. In this paper, we analyze the data taken by exposing four nuclear emulsion spectrometers, with C and C2H4 targets, to 200 MeV/n and 400 MeV/n oxygen beams at GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung (Darmstadt, Germany), and we report the charge identification of produced fragments based on the controlled fading induced on nuclear emulsion films. Results: The goal of identifying fragments as heavy as lithium has been achieved. Discussion: The results will contribute to a better understanding of the nuclear fragmentation process in charged particle therapy and have implications for refining treatment planning in the presence of deep-seated tumors.

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