The effects of several phosphorylating and alkylating analogs of the substrate on the ATPase activity of myosin and heavy meromyosin were compared. The data obtained confirmed the previously made assumption on the existence of two types of substrate-like inhibitor binding sites in the enzyme molecule. In one of the sites, presumably in the active one, there occurs a reversible competitive inhibition characterized by a high affinity for the inhibitors, which are mixed anhydrides of various mononucleotides and mesitylcarboxylic acid or its derivatives. An enhancement of hydrophobicity of these compounds causes an increase in their affinity for this site. At much higher concentrations of the inhibitors an irreversible inhibition takes place, the rate of inhibition being decreased with an increase in the phosphorylating capacity of the compound. This site possesses a far lower affinity for the inhibitors and reveals a certain specificity with respect to the analog mononucleotide moiety structure, i.e. a replacement of the 6-NH2-group by the 6-OH-group or an increase in the number of the phosphate residues result in a decrease of the efficiency of inhibition. No correlation between the analog capacity to cause irreversible inhibition and to act as an effective competitive inhibitor of reversible type has been shown to exist, thus allowing to use inhibitors of preferable action in one of the two types of the binding sites. No irreversible inhibition site was revealed when the ATPase activity of myosin subfragment I with and without the DTNB chains was investigated. Actin protects myosin against the inhibiting action of the analogs tested.