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Characterization of sugar uptake in wild-type Streptomyces clavuligerus, which is impaired in glucose uptake, and in a glucose-utilizing mutant.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Bacteriology
0021-9193
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology
Publication Date
Volume
171
Issue
12
Pages
6808–6814
Identifiers
PMID: 2687256
Source
Medline

Abstract

Wild-type Streptomyces clavuligerus NRRL 3585 is unable to utilize glucose. A glucose-utilizing (gut-1) mutant of S. clavuligerus NRRL 3585 has been obtained by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine mutagenesis. The gut-1 mutant is able to grow on glucose or galactose, while the wild type is unable to catabolize these hexoses. Similar binding affinities of glucose by cells of the wild type and the gut-1 mutant were found, but the wild type was unable to complete glucose transport. A soluble intracellular ATP-dependent (but not phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent) glucokinase activity was found both in the wild type and the gut-1 mutant. The gut-1 mutant has acquired a functional transport system that allows transport of glucose, 2-deoxyglucose, and galactose, as shown by hexose competition experiments. The gut-1 transport system concentrates glucose inside the cell at least 10- to 20-fold and is strongly inhibited by respiratory inhibitors, which prevent the establishment of a proton motive force, and by proton-conducting ionophores, suggesting that it is energized by a proton motive force. The new transport system is not completely sugar specific (transporting galactose and glucose through the same system), as opposed to the hexose-specific system reported in wild-type Streptomyces griseus.

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