Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Characterization of a pyrene-degrading Mycobacterium sp. strain CH-2.

Authors
  • Churchill, Perry F
  • Morgan, Adam C
  • Kitchens, Elizabeth
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of environmental science and health. Part. B, Pesticides, food contaminants, and agricultural wastes
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2008
Volume
43
Issue
8
Pages
698–706
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/03601230802388801
PMID: 18941994
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Mycobacterium sp strain CH-2 was isolated from a manufactured gas plant contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and was identified by analysis of 16S rDNA sequences. Strain CH-2 was capable of mineralizing 3- and 4- ring PAHs, including phenanthrene, pyrene, and fluoranthene. In addition, strain CH-2 could utilize phenanthrene, pyrene and a wide range of alkanes as a sole carbon and energy source. Primers based upon the sequences of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) dioxygenases nidAB (from Mycobacterium vanbaalenii strain PYR-1) and pdoA2B2 (from Mycobacterium sp. Strain 6PY1) were used as molecular probes to amplify the dioxygenases. Degenerate primers were used to amplify a portion of an alkane monooxygenase gene. Mineralization assays and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis indicated that the alkane monooxygenase was constitutively expressed, while nidAB and pdoA2B2 were expressed only in the presence of PAHs. A genomic library of strain CH-2 was created and then screened for the presence of biodegradative operons using the amplified PAH dioxygenases. The pdolocus included a partial pdoF, as well as pdoA2, pdoB2, orf 72, and putative genes for a ferredoxin, an araC-type regulator, and a reductase. The nid locus included a partial nidC, as well as nidB, nidA, and a putative promoter. Primer extension analysis of the nidlocus located the transcriptional start site 68bp upstream of the nidB start codon. The putatively identified promoter region and a promoter fragment lacking the -10 region were amplified, and the products were cloned into pRW50. This plasmid carries the lac operon without a promoter. The plasmid containing the full length promoter expressed the lacZ reporter gene, while expression by the promoter fragment was equivalent to the expression of cells carrying pRW50.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times