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Characterization of mannosyl-transfer reactions catalyzed by dolichyl-mannosyl-phosphate-synthase.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Carbohydrate Research
0008-6215
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
149
Issue
1
Pages
199–208
Identifiers
PMID: 3731178
Source
Medline

Abstract

Evidence suggesting that a single enzyme catalyzes mannosyl transfer from GDP-mannose to both dolichyl phosphate and to phenyl phosphate was obtained as follows: (a) The two activities were coeluted from columns of DEAE-cellulose and Sepharose CL-6B, (b) both reactions demonstrated similar kinetic constants for the glycosyl donor and for guanosine nucleoside inhibitors, (c) both reactions were sensitive to inhibition by low concentrations of nonionic detergents, and (d) both activities were found to be thermally inactivated at similar rates upon incubation at 55 degrees. The reaction conditions required for optimal mannosyl transfer by the purified enzyme preparation to the hydrophobic and water soluble acceptors, however, were found to be quite different. Whereas mannosyl transfer from GDP-mannose to dolichyl phosphate occurred at maximal rates only in the presence of specific phospholipids, the rate of mannosyl transfer to phenyl phosphate was essentially unaffected by the addition of phospholipid. These results indicate that dolichyl-mannosyl-phosphate-synthase, which has some of the properties of an intrinsic membrane protein, does not have an absolute requirement for phospholipid for catalytic activity, but rather that phospholipid is required for interaction of the enzyme with the long chain polyisoprenol substrate dolichyl phosphate.

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