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Characterization of β-adrenergic receptors in bovine intramuscular and subcutaneous adipose tissue: comparison of lubabegron fumarate with β-adrenergic receptor agonists and antagonists.

  • Hwang, Jinhee H1
  • Spurlock, Michael E2
  • Kube, John C3
  • Li, Xiang Z1
  • Smith, Stephen B1
  • 1 Department of Animal Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA.
  • 2 Nu-Tetics AgVentures, Inc., 12247 CR 8390, West Plains, MO 65775, USA.
  • 3 Elanco Animal Health, 2500 Innovation Way, Greenfield, IN 46140, USA.
Published Article
Journal of animal science
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2021
DOI: 10.1093/jas/skab116
PMID: 34337647


Chinese hamster ovary cell constructs expressing either the β 1-, β 2- or β 3-adrenergic receptor (AR) were used to determine whether a novel β-AR modulator, lubabegron fumarate (LUB; Experior, Elanco Animal Health) might exert greater potency for a specific β-AR subtype. EC50 values calculated based on cAMP accumulation in dose response curves indicate that LUB is highly selective for the β 3-AR subtype, with an EC50 of 6 × 10-9 M, with no detectible agonistic activity at the β 2-AR. We hypothesized that the accumulation of lipolytic markers would reflect the agonist activity at each of the β-receptor subtypes of the specific ligand; additionally, there would be differences in receptor subtype expression in subcutaneous (s.c.) and intrmuscular (i.m.) adipose tissues. Total RNA was extracted from adipose tissue samples and relative mRNA levels for β 1-, β2-, and β 3-AR were measured using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Fresh s.c. and i.m. adipose tissue explants were incubated with isoproterenol hydrochloride (ISO; β-AR pan-agonist), dobutamine hydrochloride (DOB; specific β 1-AA), salbutamol sulfate (SAL; specific β 2-AA), ractopamine hydrochloride (RAC), zilpaterol hydrochloride (ZIL), BRL-37344 (specific β 3-agonist), or LUB for 30 min following preincubation with theophylline (inhibitor of phosphodiesterase). Relative mRNA amounts for β 1-, β 2-, and β 3-AR were greater (P < 0.05) in s.c. than in i.m. adipose tissue. The most abundant β-AR mRNA in both adipose tissues was the β 2-AR (P < 0.05), with the β 1- and β 3-AR subtypes being minimally expressed in i.m. adipose tissue. ISO, RH, and ZH stimulated the release of glycerol and nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) from s.c. adipose tissue, but these β-AR ligands did not alter concentrations of these lipolytic markers in i.m. adipose tissue. LUB did not affect glycerol or NEFA concentrations in s.c. or i.m. adipose tissue, but attenuated (P < 0.05) the accumulation of cAMP mediated by the β 1- and β 2-AR ligands DOB and SAL in s.c. adipose tissue. Collectively, these data indicate that bovine i.m. adipose tissue is less responsive than s.c. adipose tissue to β-adrenergic ligands, especially those that are agonists at the β 1- and β3-receptor subtypes. The minimal mRNA expression of the β 1- and β 3 subtypes in i.m. adipose tissue likely limits the response potential to agonists for these β-AR subtypes. © The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Society of Animal Science.

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