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Characteristics of RCTs focusing on health promotion in community samples: a scoping review protocol based on the d-CoSPICO framework.

Authors
  • López-González, M Angeles1
  • Rodríguez-Cifuentes, Francisco1
  • Rubio-Garay, Fernando2
  • Amor-Hernández, Paloma2
  • Saúl, Luis Angel3
  • 1 Department of Psychology, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Alcorcón, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 2 Faculty of Psychology, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid, Spain. , (Spain)
  • 3 Faculty of Psychology, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid, Spain [email protected]. , (Spain)
Type
Published Article
Journal
BMJ Open
Publisher
BMJ
Publication Date
Jul 04, 2023
Volume
13
Issue
7
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-064769
PMID: 37407032
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Developing the capabilities of individuals, groups and communities to enhance their health has received a great deal of attention in the literature. One essential source of results is evidence-based intervention programmes, which often involve a number of different variables. This paper describes a methodology for carrying out a scoping review that maps available evidence on randomised controlled trials focusing on health promotion intervention programmes. The scoping review protocol follows the general Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses and Joanna Briggs Institute guidelines. It also incorporates some modifications to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Review flowchart and complements its methodological framework. This new format, called documents, Concept, Studies, Participants, Interventions, Comparator, and Outcomes (d-CoSPICO), guides the review sequence, which is represented in a flowchart. The search will focus on different sources of information using formal (searches in thematic -PubPsych, ERIC, MedLine, PsychINFO- and multidisciplinary databases -Academic Search Ultimate, Core Collection Web of Science, Scopus and ProQuest-, repositories and other websites), informal (contact with researchers), and retrospective (previous reviews on this topic) strategies to identify relevant publications until 2021, including grey literature. Coding, identification, selection, and data extraction will be carried out following the generation of a database in which each retrieved record's content (abstract and/or full text) can be analysed. The review is expected to be completed in 2023. Ethical approval is not required for this review. The d-CoSPICO framework and the results will be disseminated through (a) peer-reviewed publications; (b) presentations at scientific dissemination events and (c) training activities for applying this protocol. © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2023. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

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