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Characteristics of periodontal biotype, its dimensions, associations and prevalence: a systematic review.

Authors
  • Zweers, Jeroen
  • Thomas, Renske Z
  • Slot, Dagmar E
  • Weisgold, Arnold S
  • Van der Weijden, Fridus G A
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal Of Clinical Periodontology
Publisher
Wiley (Blackwell Publishing)
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2014
Volume
41
Issue
10
Pages
958–971
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/jcpe.12275
PMID: 24836578
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

The search yielded 2581 unique papers, after selection resulted in 12 publications that met the eligibility criteria. In general, the available definitions are found to be unclear and sometimes inconsistent. However, based on the available literature, the three biotypes thin scalloped, thick flat and thick scalloped seem a comprehensive categorization in defining periodontal biotypes in the population. The dental, gingival and osseous dimensions have a weak to moderate association. Only between gingival thickness, keratinized tissue and bone morphotype uniform positive associations are found.

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