In March, 1970, Hawaii became the first state to allow abortion on demand. A comparison was made between women receiving abortions and women delivering babies at 2 large medical facilites in Honolulu in the June 1-July 15, 1970, period. Reasons the women cited for wanting an abortion were: 1) age; 2) marital status; 3) employment or student status; and 4) income. The comparison data indicate that the abortion patients were assessing objectively their ability to provide for a child. Definite differences in all these criteria did exist between the aborters and the deliverers.