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Characteristics of anisometropic suppression: simple reaction time measurements.

Authors
  • Pianta, M J
  • Kalloniatis, M
Type
Published Article
Journal
Perception & psychophysics
Publication Date
Apr 01, 1998
Volume
60
Issue
3
Pages
491–502
Identifiers
PMID: 9599998
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The characteristics of artificially induced anisometropic suppression were investigated in observers with normal and abnormal binocular vision (anisometropic amblyopia) by using a simple reaction time paradigm. Reaction time was measured as a function of stimulus intensity for various stimulus durations. For all conditions, the reaction time increased as stimulus intensity decreased toward threshold. We found that traditional techniques for modeling this trend were inadequate, so we developed a simple visuogram method for comparing these functions. Using this technique, reaction time versus intensity functions are shown to be shape-invariant for all conditions examined. This means that, although reaction times are longer during induced anisometropic suppression or in anisometropic amblyopia, they are the same if contrast is normalized to equate threshold. The shape-invariant nature of these functions is also consistent with the notion that a single mechanism mediates detection under these conditions. Temporal summation was investigated at both threshold (method of limits) and suprathreshold (criterion reaction time) levels. Again, because of shape invariance, the suprathreshold results mirror the threshold results. The critical duration (the duration at the intersection of the complete summation and zero summation regions) is not affected by any of the conditions. However, the critical intensity (the intensity for the zero summation region) is higher for the amblyopic eyes, as compared with the normal or nonamblyopic eyes. Induced anisometropic suppression always increases the critical intensity, with a smaller increase occurring for the amblyopic eyes. This suggests that amblyopic eyes do not have a need for strong suppression.

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