We undertook a study of cardiac function in 13 patients with end-stage renal disease with conventional echocardiography. Measurements in systolic and diastolic function were assessed before and after renal transplantation. Improvement in left ventricular mass was observed (mu +/- SD) from 362.4 +/- 150.2 to 178.4 +/- 62.4 (p less than 0.001), also in left ventricular mass index (left ventricular mass/body surface) from 229 +/- 86.3 to 115.6 +/- 41.3 (p less than 0.001), ejection fraction from 0.44 +/- .196 to 0.64 +/- .165 (p less than 0.01) and velocity of circumferential fiber shortening (mu +/- SD) from 19.5 +/- 11.04 to 31 +/- 11.6. Renal transplantation procedure induce favorable modifications in left ventricular functions. If cardiac dysfunction is present in a end stage renal disease patient, it should be not considered a contraindication for transplantation. We were unable to demonstrate that hemoglobin values play an important role in the development or maintenance left ventricular dysfunction. A prospective, larger and longer trails are needed to clarify the risk factors associated with cardiovascular morbid event.