1. Using extracellular electrodes placed on the serosa, we recorded the modifications of the electrical activity of the colonic muslce fibers caused by the stimulation of vagal and splanchnic nerve fibers. 2. Vagal stimulation produces two types of junction potentials: excitatory junction potentials (EJPs) and inhibitory junction potentials (IJPs). The IJPs are elicited by stimulation of vagal fibers which innervate intramural non-adrenergic inhibitory neurons. 3. The conduction velocity of the nerve impulse along the vagal pre-ganglionic fibers is 1.01 m/sec for excitatory fibers and 0.5. m/sec for inhibitory fibers. 4. Splanchnic fiber stimulation causes EJP disappearance, blocking transmission between preganglionic fibers and intramural excitatory neurons, and a decrease in IJP amplitude that most likely indicates a previous hyperpolarization of the smooth muscle. 5. IJP persistence during splanchnic stimulation proves that sympathetic inhibition does not modify the transmission of the vagal influx onto the non-adrenergic inhibitory neurons of the intramural plexuses. 6. Through a comparative study of proximal and distal colonic innervation, we are able to show that there is a similar organization of both regions, that is a double inhibitory innervation: an adrenergic one of a sympathetic origin, and a non adrenergic one of a parasympathetic origin.