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Changes in diet quality over 10 years of nutrition transition in Colombia: analysis of the 2005 and 2015 nationally representative cross-sectional surveys.

Authors
  • Mora-García, Gustavo1, 2
  • Ruiz-Díaz, María Stephany3, 4
  • Villegas, Rodrigo5
  • García-Larsen, Vanessa6
  • 1 Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad de Cartagena, Cartagena de Indias, Colombia. , (Colombia)
  • 2 Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA.
  • 3 Research Division, Center for Innovation and Research in Metabolism and Diabetes - INNOVATID, Cartagena de Indias, Colombia. , (Colombia)
  • 4 Graduate Program in Tropical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad de Cartagena, Cartagena De Indias, Colombia. , (Colombia)
  • 5 Program in Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile. , (Chile)
  • 6 Program in Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Suite 2546, 615 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA. [email protected]
Type
Published Article
Journal
International journal of public health
Publication Date
Jul 07, 2020
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00038-020-01396-1
PMID: 32632458
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

To describe the changes in diet quality in Colombians using nationally representative samples from the 2005 and 2015 nutrition surveys. Repeated cross-sectional analyses of the National Nutrition Surveys from 2005 and 2015. Children (4-17 y.o.) and adults (≥ 18 y.o.) were included. The Alternative Healthy-Eating Index (AHEI) was derived from 24-h recall questionnaires and used to examine diet quality. A total of 33,971 participants (20,122 children, 13,849 adults) were included in 2005, and 26,445 participants (15,304 children, 11,141 adults) in 2015. Over the ten-year period, the AHEI decreased from 46.3 to 44.3 in children (Cohen's d = 0.19) and from 49.0 to 46.2 in adults. (Cohen's d = 0.25). On average, those in the highest socioeconomic level had the worst diet quality; however, the difference between the less and most affluent groups shrank by 4.0% over the observation period. Between 2005 and 2015, there was a worsening in the diet quality of Colombian children and adults. Less affluent individuals had a greater worsening of diet quality compared to groups from higher socioeconomic levels.

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