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Changes in depressive-symptom experiences among older women.

Authors
  • Newmann, J P
  • Engel, R J
  • Jensen, J E
Type
Published Article
Journal
Psychology and aging
Publication Date
Jun 01, 1991
Volume
6
Issue
2
Pages
212–222
Identifiers
PMID: 1863390
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Changes in depressive-symptom experiences over a 5-year period were investigated in a community sample of 251 women between the ages of 51 and 92 years. Findings from a confirmatory factor analysis of the SCL-90-R Depression and Additional Symptoms scales (Derogatis, 1983) indicate that two phenomenally different syndromes underlie symptom-reporting patterns. A depressive syndrome, more classic in form, shows decreasing levels with increasing age, although a depletion syndrome, marked by feelings of enervation and a loss of interest in things, shows increasing levels with advancing age. The relative independence of the two syndromes, as well as their differing relations to four more delimited forms of distress that were identified in the analyses, have important implications for future research on the age-depression relation.

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