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Change in circulating cyclo(His-Pro) concentrations in rats after ingestion of oral glucose compared to intravenous glucose and controls.

Authors
  • Hilton, C W
  • Reddy, S
  • Prasad, C
  • Wilber, J F
Type
Published Article
Journal
Endocrine research
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1990
Volume
16
Issue
2
Pages
139–150
Identifiers
PMID: 2344832
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Changes in circulating cyclo(His-Pro) (CHP) levels after ingestion of 0.5 g/kg of glucose (oral) were measured in 32 Sprague Dawley rats at varying time points between 0 (before glucose) and 60 minutes. Each rat provided one time point. CHP levels displayed a biphasic response rising from 933 +/- 56 pg/ml to 1083 +/- 287 pg/ml (p greater than 0.05), followed by a fall to 543 +/- 46 pg/ml (p = 0.002) and then a recovery to near baseline values. To further investigate this response, a separate group of rats were sampled sequentially after 3 g/kg oral glucose (n = 7), 0.6 g/kg I.V. glucose (n = 6) or controls given saline only (n = 14). CHP levels were significantly elevated in the oral glucose group at 5 (p = 0.048) and 12 (p = 0.02) minutes compared to controls, while the i.v. glucose group was not statistically different from controls. Comparison of the mean of the highest incremental response to baseline values in each group revealed a greater excursion in CHP levels after oral (p = 0.027) glucose than after I.V. (p = 0.08) glucose. These data suggest CHP is acutely and reversibly elevated after glucose ingestion in rats and that the response is greater after oral glucose than after i.v. glucose.

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