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Chandra Observations of Low Mass X-ray Binaries and Diffuse Gas in the Early-Type Galaxies NGC 4365 and NGC 4382 (M85)

  • Sivakoff, Gregory R.
  • Sarazin, Craig L.
  • Irwin, Jimmy A.
Published Article
Publication Date
Aug 18, 2003
Submission Date
Aug 18, 2003
DOI: 10.1086/379115
arXiv ID: astro-ph/0308307
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(Abridged) We used the Chandra X-ray Observatory ACIS S3 to image the X-ray faint elliptical galaxy NGC 4365 and lenticular galaxy NGC 4382. The observations resolve much of the X-ray emission into 99 and 58 sources, respectively, most of which are low-mass X-ray binaries (LMXBs) associated with each of the galaxies. We identify 18 out of the 37 X-ray sources in a central field in NGC 4365 with globular clusters. The luminosity functions of the resolved sources for both galaxies are best fit with cutoff power-laws whose cutoff luminosity is $\approx 0.9 - 3.1 \times 10^{39}$ ergs s$^{-1}$. These luminosities are much larger than those previously measured for similar galaxies; we do not find evidence for a break in the luminosity function at the Eddington luminosity of a 1.4 $M_\odot$ neutron star. The spatial distributions of the resolved sources for both galaxies are broader than the distribution of optical stars. In both galaxies, a hard power-law model fits the summed spectrum of all of the sources. The unresolved emission is best fit by the sum of a soft mekal model representing emission from diffuse gas, and a hard power-law, presumed to be from unresolved LMXBs. A standard beta model fits the radial distribution of the diffuse gas in both galaxies. In the elliptical NGC 4365, the best-fit core radius is very small, while the S0 galaxy NGC 4382 has a larger core radius. This may indicate that the gas in NGC 4382 is rotating significantly.

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