The question of the intervention of chance in the creative process is a key issue, and it is this issue that is addressed in this article. The term "chance" and a number of related notions are first discussed. Then the term "creation" and its constellation of related notions are detailed. The intervention of chance in artistic creation is then discussed, as well as the question of an art of the present moment. A conclusion closes this exploration of the intervention of chance in the creative process.