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Effect of preparatory information prior to elective total hip replacement on post-operative physical coping outcomes

Authors
Journal
International Journal of Nursing Studies
0020-7489
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
33
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0020-7489(96)00019-3
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Design
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of preparatory information on a patient's post-operative physical coping outcomes following a Total Hip Replacement (THR). The research design was quasi-experimental. Eighty-two healthy individuals, scheduled for an elective THR were used and selected using non-random techniques and placed into one of two groups on an alternating basis. The subjects in the experimental group were given procedural, sensory and coping information relating to the whole surgical procedure of a THR. In addition, written information was provided for each experimental subject to support the verbal information. Subjects in the control group only received the advice and support that would routinely be given to THR patients by ward, medical and nursing staff. The study measured a number of physical outcomes using a “Physical Indicators of Coping Questionnaire” developed to measure physiological and physical outcomes post-operatively. In addition, a Linear Analogue Coping Scale was developed to assess a patient's personal perception of their overall coping ability with the THR. The study demonstrated that preparatory information, given pre-operatively, post-operatively and predischarge had positive effects on the physical recovery and coping outcomes measured. Subjects in the experimental group had significally less post-operative intramuscular analgesia, mobilized sooner with a Zimmer frame and walking sticks and lastly, their length of stay was on average, 2 days less than the control group. The Linear Analogue Coping Scale demonstrated that patients in the experimental group did perceive they were coping more effectively post-operatively. Preparatory information of various types and in different forms appear to have positive effects on the ability of patients to cope with and recover physically from a THR in the immediate post-operative period.

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