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Community reinforcement approach plus vouchers for cocaine dependence in a community setting in Spain: Six-month outcomes

Authors
Journal
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
0740-5472
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Disciplines
  • Education
  • Medicine
  • Psychology

Abstract

Quality of life and it’s determinant in hemodialysis patients in Kermanshah in 2010 Hamid Reza Omrani1, Darush Raeisi1, Abolhasan Seyedzadeh1, Roghayeh Akbari2, Marjan Tavasoli1, Roya Safari-Faramani3* 1. Urology and Nephrology Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran. 2. Dept. of Nephrology, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran. 3. Clinical Research Development Unit, Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran. Received: 04 June, 2012 Accepted: 13 November, 2012 Abstract Background: Ongoing measurement of quality of life especially in patients with chronic diseases, maybe the basis of health care evaluation. This study aimed to assess and identify factors affecting quality of life in hemodialysis patients in Kermanshah city. Methods: This is a cross sectional study carried on 98 cases of hemodialysis patients referred to two of teaching hospitals (Imam Khomeini and Imam Reza affiliated to Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. Available sampling applied to patients who started dialysis at least three months before. Demographic data collected and SF-36 questionnaire of quality of life performed which its validity and reliability has been confirmed previously in Iran. Results: The physical health score decreased with increasing age (P<0.05) and increased with increasing education level (P<0.005). In addition, physical health in those who did not exercise any time were less than the other (P<0.001). Overall mental health scores increased with increasing education level (P<0.001) and increasing household income was associated with increasing mental health score (P<0.05). The overall score of mental health for those who had always exercised was more than the others and for those who did not exercise any time was less than (P<0.001). The overall score of mental health in people who had dialysis twice a week was the highest (P<0.05). Concl

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