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Room temperature multiferroicity in Bi rich Fe deficient Gd doped Bi1.2Gd0.1Fe0.8O3

Authors
Journal
Journal of Alloys and Compounds
0925-8388
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
509
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2010.11.129
Keywords
  • Ferroelectric
  • Solid State Reaction
  • Magnetically Ordered Materials
  • X-Ray Diffraction
  • Phase Transitions
Disciplines
  • Physics

Abstract

Abstract A clean signature of room temperature multiferroicity in Bi 1.2Gd 0.1Fe 0.8O 3 ceramics is observed. Samples were prepared by slow step sintering technique at 850 °C. Impurity peaks normally present in original BiFeO 3 are completely suppressed with the increase of Bi concentration. Apart from this, structural transformation took place from R3 C to Pn2 1 a space group and a clear orthorhombic grain growth habit is seen by SEM microstructure. Suppression of impurity phases favors the reduction of mobile oxygen vacancies and hence reduces leakage current for which ferroelectric properties of Bi 1.2Gd 0.1Fe 0.8O 3 are enhanced. We argue that the addition of Gd is likely to suppress the spiral spin modulation and at the same time increase the canting angle which favors the enhanced ferromagnetism. Excess Bi is expected to act as point defects and occupy interstitial positions which in turn surrounded by oxygen vacancies and is likely to promote defect driven ferromagnetism with enhanced spin and electric polarization. This finding encourages further revaluation of long-discounted BiFeO 3 for multiferroics research.

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