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Role of intra-operative duplex ultrasound in living renal donor transplantation

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  • Medicine

Abstract

Objective: The treatment of choice in end-stage renal disease is¦transplantation.¦Hemodynamic disturbances can evoke graft loss, while early ultrasound¦identification of vascular problems improves outcome. The primary endpoint¦of this study was to identify differences in post-op complications with and¦without systematic, intraoperative Doppler ultrasound use. A secondary aim¦was to find a predictive resistance index limit which would show where surgical¦reintervention was necessary.¦Methods: Between Jan 2000 and Dec 2010, 108 renal transplants were¦performed from living donors at our institution. In group 1 (n = 67),¦intra-operative duplex ultrasound and intra-parenchymatous resistance index¦measurements assessed patients, while in group 2 (n = 41), no ultrasound was¦performed.¦Results. There were no inter-group differences in the overall post-op¦complication rate or in benefit to graft or patient survival with Doppler use,¦however, significantly more vascular complications (10% vs. 0%, p = 0·02) and¦more acute rejections (37% vs. 10%) occurred in group 2 than in group 1,¦respectively. When the resistance index was <0·5 intra-operatively, immediate¦surgical revision was undertaken to raise the index >0·6.¦Results: There were no inter-group differences in the overall post-op¦complication rate or in benefit to graft or patient survival with Doppler use,¦however, significantly more vascular complications (10% vs. 0%, p = 0·02) and¦more acute rejections (37% vs. 10%) occurred in group 2 than in group 1,¦respectively. When the resistance index was <0·5 intra-operatively, immediate¦surgical revision was undertaken to raise the index >0·6.¦Conclusion: This is the first report demonstrating benefits of systematic¦intraoperative Doppler ultrasound on post-operative complications in renal¦transplantation from living donors. Our results support surgical revision with a¦resistance index <0·5.

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