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Effect of the flavonol quercetin on ion transport in the isolated intestine of the eel,Anguilla anguilla

Authors
Journal
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C Toxicology & Pharmacology
1532-0456
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
143
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.cbpc.2005.11.012
Keywords
  • Fish Intestine
  • Flavonoids
  • Ion Transport
  • Eel
  • Glybenclamide
  • Carbachol
  • Camp
  • Ca++

Abstract

Abstract Flavonoids are phenolic compounds used in fish diet formulations for the control of sex differentiation. Consequently it is of interest to know their effects on fish gastrointestinal mucosa that is the first target of these substances after food intake. We studied the effects of the flavonol quercetin on the transepithelial electrical parameters of the isolated intestine of the eel, Anguilla anguilla, by employing Ussing chamber technique. We showed that luminal quercetin (10 − 4 M) reduced the serosa negative I sc (short circuit current) due to a net Cl − absorption in the control conditions. The reduction of I sc was blocked by luminal glybenclamide (10 − 4 M). The I sc response to the flavonoid was also observed when HCO 3 − was omitted from the perfusion solutions. The effect of quercetin was nullified by TMB8, a blocker of Ca 2+ release from intracellular stores, and was strongly reduced by trifluoroperazine, an inhibitor of calmodulin actions, while it was unmodified by experimental manoeuvres able to alter cytosolic cAMP concentrations. These results suggest that mucosal quercetin stimulated Cl − but not HCO 3 − secretion; the secretory activity appears to be dependent on the Ca 2+-calmodulin system, independent of the cAMP pathway. In addition, this study showed that flavonol mimics the effect of carbachol on the tissue. This conclusion is supported by the following observations: 1) noradrenalin reversed the reduction of I sc produced by both carbachol and quercetin; 2) the flavonol was ineffective in tissues in which the muscarinic agonist had already elicited its maximal reduction of I sc.

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