The authors present this unique case of cerebral infarction as a complication of DBS. The mechanism of ischemia is unclear. However, in this case, we had performed microstimulation with high amplitude in order to determine the adverse effects. This magnitude of electrical stimulation may have led to small-vessel vasospasm, which may have induced ischemia. Although ischemia after DBS surgery is seldom reported, cerebral ischemia may be a surgical complication after DBS implantation.