Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

The cellular RNA helicase UAP56 is required for prevention of double-stranded RNA formation during influenza A virus infection.

Authors
  • Wisskirchen, Christian
  • Ludersdorfer, Thomas H
  • Müller, Dominik A
  • Moritz, Eva
  • Pavlovic, Jovan
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Virology
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2011
Volume
85
Issue
17
Pages
8646–8655
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1128/JVI.02559-10
PMID: 21680511
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The cellular DEAD box RNA helicase UAP56 plays a pivotal role in the efficient transcription/replication of influenza A virus. UAP56 is recruited by the nucleoprotein (NP) of influenza A viruses, and recent data revealed that the RNA helicase is required for the nuclear export of a subset of spliced and unspliced viral mRNAs. The fact that influenza viruses do not produce detectable amounts of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) intermediates during transcription/replication suggests the involvement of cellular RNA helicases. Hence, we examined whether the RNA-unwinding activity of UAP56 or its paralog URH49 plays a role in preventing the accumulation of dsRNA during infection. First, our data showed that not only UAP56 but also its paralog URH49 can interact with NPs of avian and human influenza A viruses. The small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated depletion of either RNA helicase reduced the transport of M1 and hemagglutinin (HA) mRNAs and, to a lesser extent, NP and NS1 mRNAs into the cytoplasm. Moreover, we found that virus infection of UAP56-depleted cells leads to the rapid accumulation of dsRNA in the perinuclear region. In parallel, we observed a robust virus-mediated activation of dsRNA-dependent protein kinase R (PKR), indicating that the cellular RNA helicase UAP56 may be recruited by influenza virus to prevent dsRNA formation. The accumulation of dsRNA was blocked when actinomycin D or cycloheximide was used to inhibit viral transcription/replication or translation, respectively. In summary, we demonstrate that UAP56 is utilized by influenza A viruses to prevent the formation of dsRNA and, hence, the activation of the innate immune response.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times