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[Cell cycle control and CDC28/Cdc2 homologue and related gene cloning of Cryptococcus neoformans].

Authors
  • Takeo, Kanji
  • Virtudazo, Eric
  • Ohkusu, Misako
  • Kawamoto, Susumu
  • Ito-Kuwa, Shoko
  • Aoki, Sigeji
Type
Published Article
Journal
Nihon Ishinkin Gakkai zasshi = Japanese journal of medical mycology
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2006
Volume
47
Issue
4
Pages
257–262
Identifiers
PMID: 17086156
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

In Cryptococcus neoformans the DNA content of cells having tiny buds varied rather widely, depending on growth phases and strains used. Typically, buds of C. neoformans emerged soon after initiation of DNA synthesis in the early exponential phase. However, bud emergence was delayed to G2 during transition to the stationary phase, and in the early stationary phase budding scarcely occurred, although roughly half of the cells completed DNA synthesis. The timing of budding in C. neoformans was shifted to later cell cycle points with progression of the growth phase of the culture. Similarly, a deficit in oxygen was demonstrated to delay the timing of budding, prolong the G2 phase and cause accumulation of cells after DNA synthesis, but before commitment to budding. The C. neoformans homologue of the main cell cycle control gene CDC28/Cdc2 was isolated using degenerate RT-PCR. The full-length coding region was then amplified using primers to target the regions around the start and stop codons. The gene was called CnCdk1 and was found to have high homologies to S. cerevisiae CDC28 and S. pombe cdc2. To determine its function, its ability to rescue S. cerevisiae cdc28-temperature sensitive mutants was tested. S. cerevisiae cdc28-4 and cdc28-1N strains transformed with the pYES2-CnCdk1 construct exhibited growth at the restrictive temperature. Results of the sequence analysis and the ability of CnCdk1 to complement the S. cerevisiae cdc28-ts mutations support its assumed role as the CDC28/cdc2 homologue in C. neoformans.

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