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Cell calcium levels of normal and cystic fibrosis nasal epithelium.

Authors
  • Murphy, E
  • Cheng, E
  • Yankaskas, J
  • Stutts, M J
  • Boucher, R C
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pediatric research
Publication Date
Jul 01, 1988
Volume
24
Issue
1
Pages
79–84
Identifiers
PMID: 2842726
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

To determine whether epithelial ion transport abnormalities in cystic fibrosis (CF) might reflect abnormal regulation of intracellular Ca2+ levels, cytosolic free calcium (Cai2+) was measured using fura-2 or quin2 in suspensions of normal or CF nasal epithelial cells derived from primary cell culture. The basal Cai2+ level measured with fura-2 in CF nasal epithelia was 155 +/- 9 nM (n = 5), a value not significantly different from normal nasal epithelia (143 +/- 16 nM, n = 5). Total cell calcium was measured by atomic absorption spectroscopy and no differences were observed between CF (6.3 +/- 0.5 nmol/mg protein; n = 3) and normal (6.2 +/- 1.2 nmol/mg protein; n = 3) nasal epithelial cells. Placing Na+ loaded cells in a low (10 mM) extracellular Na+ solution resulted in a rapid increase in Cai2+ consistent with Ca2+ uptake via a plasmalemmal Na+-Ca2+ exchanger. The level of Cai2+ achieved by this low Na+ maneuver was not significantly different in CF cells compared to normal cells. Neither isoproterenol (10(-5) M) nor forskolin (10(-6) M) had any effect on Cai2+ in normal or CF nasal epithelial cells. Thus, it appears that differences in cell Cai2+, as measured by fluorescent chelators in suspensions of cultured cells, do not account for the abnormalities in basal or isoproterenol stimulated ion transport in CF tissues.

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