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Experimental off-pump coronary artery revascularization with adenosine-enhanced reperfusion

Authors
Journal
Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
0022-5223
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
121
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1067/mtc.2001.112342

Abstract

Abstract Objective: Although beating heart coronary artery bypass grafting has recently gained popularity, it eliminates the protective strategies (ie, cardioplegia) developed for use in conventional cardiac operations. We recently introduced the technique of perfusion-assisted direct coronary artery bypass to perfuse the grafted vessels during multivessel off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. In the present study we tested the hypothesis that intracoronary reperfusion with the cardioprotective agent adenosine during simulated perfusion-assisted direct coronary artery bypass attenuates reperfusion injury. Methods: In anesthetized dogs the heart was exposed, and the left anterior descending coronary artery was ligated for 75 minutes. Reperfusion was achieved through a catheter in the left anterior descending coronary artery by means of a computer-controlled pump. Intracoronary left anterior descending coronary artery perfusion pressure was continuously matched to mean arterial blood pressure. In one group (adenosine group) 10 μmol/L adenosine was added to the blood during the first 30 minutes of reperfusion, whereas another group (vehicle group) received a comparable volume of saline solution. Results: During the first 30 minutes of reperfusion, blood flow through the left anterior descending coronary artery was significantly greater (P <.05) in the adenosine group than in the vehicle group (150.6 ± 21.9 vs 50.2 ± 11.3 mL/min at 15 minutes of reperfusion). Although there were no group differences in postischemic wall motion, infarct size was significantly smaller in the adenosine group than in the vehicle group (11.1% ± 3.0% vs 28.0% ± 4.0% of area at risk, P <.05). Myeloperoxidase activity in the necrotic tissue, an index of neutrophil accumulation, tended to be lower in the adenosine group than in the vehicle group (58.6 ± 14.2 vs 91.0 ± 21.6 ΔAbsUnits · min–1 · g–1 tissue). In isolated postischemic left anterior descending coronary artery rings, the maximal relaxation response to the endothelium-dependent vasodilator acetylcholine was significantly greater in the adenosine group than in the vehicle group (97.9% ± 5.6% vs 64.7% ± 6.5%, P <.05). Conclusion: This novel reperfusion strategy for off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting can be used not only in cases requiring multiple grafting but also to attenuate necrosis and endothelial dysfunction in acute evolving infarction. (J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2001;121:570-9)

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