This briefing draws on Primary Review Research Report 10/1 The Funding of English Primary Education, by Philip Noden and Anne West, which was commissioned to review evidence on the financing of primary education in England. The report addresses how much money is spent by schools on primary education per pupil and how this has changed in recent years. It also examines how that level of expenditure compares with per pupil expenditure on secondary education. It explores the funding arrangements that underlie the expenditure and describes the changes that have taken place. It also highlights variations between local authorities in the balance of funding between primary and secondary education and variations between OECD countries.