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CD27 stimulation promotes the frequency of IL-7 receptor-expressing memory precursors and prevents IL-12-mediated loss of CD8(+) T cell memory in the absence of CD4(+) T cell help.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of Immunology
1550-6606
Publisher
The American Association of Immunologists
Publication Date
Volume
188
Issue
8
Pages
3829–3838
Identifiers
DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.1103329
PMID: 22422886
Source
Medline

Abstract

Fully functional CD8(+) T cell memory is highly dependent upon CD4(+) T cell support. CD4(+) T cells play a critical role in inducing the expression of CD70, the ligand for CD27, on dendritic cells. In this study, we demonstrate that CD27 stimulation during primary CD8(+) T cell responses regulates the ability to mount secondary CD8(+) T cell responses. CD27 stimulation during vaccinia and dendritic cell immunization controls the expression of the IL-7R (CD127), which has been shown to be necessary for memory CD8(+) T cell survival. Furthermore, CD27 stimulation during primary CD8(+) T cell responses to vaccinia virus restrained the late expression on memory precursor cells of cytokine receptors that support terminal differentiation. The formation of CD8(+) T cell memory precursors and secondary CD8(+) T cell responses was restored in the absence of CD27 costimulation when endogenous IL-12 was not available. Similarly, the lesion in CD8(+) T cell memory that occurs in the absence of CD4(+) T cells did not occur in mice lacking IL-12. These data indicate that CD4(+) T cell help and, by extension, CD27 stimulation support CD8(+) T cell memory by modulating the expression of cytokine receptors that influence the differentiation and survival of memory CD8(+) T cells.

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