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Policing Marital Violence in Singapore: An Ethnographic Perspective

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  • Economics
  • Mathematics


Enhancing Urban Safety and Security: Global Report on Human Settlements 2007 (Part I) This Global Report on Human Settlements examines some of today’s major threats to urban safety and security within the broader frame of rapid urban growth, uneven socio- economic development and the quest for human security.1 It seeks to review the growing concern about the safety and security of people, rather than states, linking this to the risks and opportunities that accompany increasing social and economic complexity, which is itself a result of growth and development. In the last decade or so, the world has witnessed increasing numbers of threats to urban safety and security. While some of these threats have taken the form of dramatic events, many have been manifestations of the nexus of urban poverty and inequality with the physical, economic, social and institutional conditions of slums. Urban crime and violence in countries in all regions, regardless of level of development, have led to increasing debate about how to address its origins and impacts. Gang violence in Brazil, Guatemala, Honduras, South Africa and Kenya has affected many people. Dramatic violence in Paris and throughout urban France has demonstrated that such violence could also occur in cities in high-income countries with large disparities in income and opportunity. Many households have faced the threat of insecure tenure and the likelihood of forced evictions. These problems have been evident in cities in Nigeria, Turkey and Zimbabwe, with the case of Harare receiving the most global attention during the last three years. There have also been dramatic impacts of so-called natural disasters, with significant global attention being focused on the Indian Ocean Tsunami affecting Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand and India; monsoon flooding in Mumbai; Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans, US; and earthquakes in Pakistan and Java, Indonesia. While these ‘events’ receive media coverage, they are, in fact, symptomatic of deeper and mo

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