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CCR5/CXCR4 Dual Antagonism for the Improvement of HIV Infection Therapy

Authors
  • Grande, Fedora
  • Occhiuzzi, Maria Antonietta
  • Rizzuti, Bruno
  • Ioele, Giuseppina
  • De Luca, Michele
  • Tucci, Paola
  • Svicher, Valentina
  • Aquaro, Stefano
  • Garofalo, Antonio
Publication Date
Feb 02, 2019
Source
MDPI
Keywords
Language
English
License
Green
External links

Abstract

HIV entry in the host cell requires the interaction with the CD4 membrane receptor, and depends on the activation of one or both co-receptors CCR5 and CXCR4. Former selective co-receptor antagonists, acting at early stages of infection, are able to impair the receptor functions, preventing the viral spread toward AIDS. Due to the capability of HIV to develop resistance by switching from CCR5 to CXCR4, dual co-receptor antagonists could represent the next generation of AIDS prophylaxis drugs. We herein present a survey on relevant results published in the last few years on compounds acting simultaneously on both co-receptors, potentially useful as preventing agents or in combination with classical anti-retroviral drugs based therapy.

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