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CCL27-CCR10 interactions regulate T cell-mediated skin inflammation.

Authors
  • 1
Type
Published Article
Journal
Nature Medicine
1078-8956
Publisher
Nature Publishing Group
Publication Date
Volume
8
Issue
2
Pages
157–165
Identifiers
PMID: 11821900
Source
Medline

Abstract

The skin-associated chemokine CCL27 (also called CTACK, ALP and ESkine) and its receptor CCR10 (GPR-2) mediate chemotactic responses of skin-homing T cells in vitro. Here we report that most skin-infiltrating lymphocytes in patients suffering from psoriasis, atopic or allergic-contact dermatitis express CCR10. Epidermal basal keratinocytes produced CCL27 protein that bound to extracellular matrix, mediated adhesion and was displayed on the surface of dermal endothelial cells. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1beta induced CCL27 production whereas the glucocorticosteroid clobetasol propionate suppressed it. Circulating skin-homing CLA+ T cells, dermal microvascular endothelial cells and fibroblasts expressed CCR10 on their cell surface. In vivo, intracutaneous CCL27 injection attracted lymphocytes and, conversely, neutralization of CCL27-CCR10 interactions impaired lymphocyte recruitment to the skin leading to the suppression of allergen-induced skin inflammation. Together, these findings indicate that CCL27-CCR10 interactions have a pivotal role in T cell-mediated skin inflammation.

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