Affordable Access

Publisher Website

Does dietary learning occur outside awareness?

Authors
Journal
Consciousness and Cognition
1053-8100
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
13
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.concog.2004.05.004
Keywords
  • Learning
  • Awareness
  • Implicit Cognition
  • Flavor Preference
  • Conditioning
  • Associative Learning
  • Human
  • Dietary Restraint
  • Caffeine

Abstract

Abstract Several forms of dietary learning have been identified in humans. These include flavor–flavor learning, flavor–postingestive learning (including flavor–caffeine learning), and learned satiety. Generally, learning is thought to occur in the absence of contingency (CS–US) or demand awareness. However, a review of the literature suggests that this conclusion may be premature because measures of awareness lack the rigor that is found in studies of other kinds of human learning. If associations do configure outside awareness then this should be regarded as a rare instance of automatic learning. Conversely, if awareness is important, then successful learning may be governed by an individual’s beliefs and predilection to attend to stimulus relationships. For researchers of dietary learning this could be critical because it might explain why learning paradigms have a reputation for being unreliable. Since most food preferences are learned, asking questions about awareness can also tell us something fundamental about everyday dietary control.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.

Statistics

Seen <100 times
0 Comments

More articles like this

Does dietary learning occur outside awareness?

on Consciousness and Cognition September 2004

Semantic access occurs outside of awareness for th...

on Attention, perception & psycho... November 2014

Does Affective Learning Exist in the Absence of Co...

on Learning and Motivation Jan 01, 2001
More articles like this..