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Arachidonic acid inhibits capacitative Ca2+entry and activates non-capacitative Ca2+entry in cultured astrocytes

Authors
Journal
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
0006-291X
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
331
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2005.03.221
Keywords
  • Aa
  • Ca2+
  • Cce
  • Non-Cce
Disciplines
  • Biology

Abstract

Abstract Arachidonic acid (AA) plays important physiological or pathophysiological roles. Here, we show in cultured rat astrocytes that: (i) endothelin-1 or thapsigargin (Tg) induces store-depleted activated Ca 2+ entry (CCE), which is inhibited by 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borane (2-APB) or La 3+; (ii) AA (10 μM) and other unsaturated fatty acids (8,11,14-eicosatrienoic acid and γ-linoleic acid) have an initial inhibitory effect on the CCE, due to AA- or fatty acid-induced internal acid load; (iii) after full activation of CCE, AA induces a further Ca 2+ influx, which is not inhibited by 2-APB or La 3+, indicating that AA activates a second Ca 2+ entry pathway, which coexists with CCE; and (iv) Tg or AA activates two independent and co-existing non-selective cation channels and the Tg-induced currents are initially inhibited by addition of AA or weak acids. A possible pathophysiological effect of the AA-induced [Ca] i overload is to cause delayed cell death in astrocytes.

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